What is table saw used for? The question is simple, but not everyone can give a complete answer. It is the reason today we are here to guide you from A to Z through all the best benefits of this handy appliance.
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What Are Table Saws Used For?
A table saw is a woodworking tool, including a circular saw blade mounted with a table surface; hence, the name.
A part of this saw blade is above the table to contact and cut wood, while another part is under the table. This blade is controlled by an electric motor when cutting materials.
Although the construction of a table saw is very simple, the benefits it brings are countless. Thanks to the perfect applications of a table saw, the carpenter can make many highly accurate cuts quickly and easily.
Table saw what is it used for? With the knowledge of experienced woodworkers, we sum up seven main uses of the table saw in the following guide.
Crosscut is the most popular type of cut made from a table saw in woodworking. Simply, cross-cutting is the act of cutting straight through the grain of the wood and making a 90-degree angle to the grain.
We usually apply this type of cut to saw pieces of a board off at the end.
The cross-cut is a common type in woodworking. We can make it with any type of saw. However, a table saw is a perfect choice for carpenters when they need to create more high-quality cuts of the same size.
How To Crosscut Effectively?
The first thing you need to keep in mind when taking a table saw to make cross-cuts is not using the rip fence. The rip fence helps keep the wood’s length steady, but it is limited in crossing cuts.
The crossing-cut is applied to narrow woods to divide them into two parts or remove the end of a wood. In case we use the fence, we can put ourselves in dangerous situations due to the kickbacks occurring during the operation.
We can use a miter gauge instead of a rip fence. Next, we guide you to make a cross-cut as below:
Step 1: Disconnect the saw from the power source and fit a crossing blade into an arbor on the table surface. Remember to choose a suitable blade for cutting materials.
Step 2: Alter the protractor on the miter gauge to do either angled or straight cross-cuts.
Step 3: Locate and adjust the material along the front edge of the miter gauge. You can use clamps to fix it in position.
Step 4: Connect the table saw to the power and start it up. At this time, you must keep the wood far from the blade until the blade speed is maximum.
Step 5: Carefully and slowly push the wood you need to cut and the entire miter gauge straight through the spinning blade.
Step 6: Rotate the table saw before taking cut parts of the material.
When discussing the benefits of a table saw, we can not miss rip-cut. Like cross-cut, rip-cut is the most general cut in carpentry.
Ripping is cutting large wood pieces into smaller ones lengthways to use for different works. In rip-cutting, woodworkers use a rip fence to change the width of the cut as desired. Moreover, this fence also helps manage the wood while cutting.
How To Rip Properly?
To make a rip-cut, we read the following guide.
Step 1: Perform operations like in step 1 of the cross-cutting above.
Step 2: Release the locking lever on the front of the fence to position the rip fence, then slide the rip fence to match the width of the cut.
You can use a ruler of the table saw to define the position of the rip fence. Take a tape to measure the distance from the rip fence to the closest edge of a saw blade tooth. In this way, you will know the total of wood that is cut during the rip-cut.
Step 3: Turn on the bench saw and put the material to be cut on the table. Make sure that the material is in an aligned position with the rip fence.
Only move the material near the blade when you start up the table saw, and the saw blade reaches the highest speed. If the wood touches the saw blade before this time, it will be dangerous because of kickback.
Step 4: Move the material carefully along the rip fence by hand. Keep it laid along with the table surface and fit with the rip fence.
When the material is larger than the tabletop, you can take a table extender to keep it during the cutting.
Note: Do not remove your hand from the material when ripping; this act will reduce the quality of the cut.
#3. Miter Cutting
With a table saw, we can make miter cuts easily and quickly. A miter-cut or an angled cut is slicing the materials at an angle of 90 degrees on the wood but not creating straight lines.
Carpenters are used to applying this cut to create corners on a wood piece or make flushed edges.
In a bench saw, there is a miter gauge set upper the saw blade. This gauge helps adjust the exact angle when cutting.
#4. Bevel Cutting
When you change the angle from 0 to 50 degrees, you will have a bevel-cut by table saw. The table saw is equipped with a cast-iron wheel under the table to make an efficient cut of this type.
You control the direction of the blade by changing the blade height. Besides, you can set the saw blade to an exact degree for the customized bevel cut; name it: left-tilt mechanism or right-tilt, depending on your preference and requirement.
#5. Rabbets and Grooves Cutting
What is table saw used for? Another benefit of the table saw is to apply in cutting rabbets and grooves.
We use rabbets and grooves cuts to make joints when fitting pieces together. In another word, you use your table saw to make a suitable corner with the wood that needs to join.
However, this type of cut requests some standards and other costs. You must be an experienced carpenter, and your table saw is engineered with an arbor to keep the whole of the dado set.
#6. Dado Cutting
We can understand a dado cut is making a joint that fits two workpieces together by many grooves. While a rabbet cut only includes one single joint, cutting dadoes have multiple prongs to combine the joints.
There are two types of dadoes consisting of a through dado and a stopped dado. Carpenters usually use these cutting techniques in designing wardrobes and shelves.
#7. Kerf Cutting
The kerf cutting is using the blade of the saw to cut anything through the wood piece or to clean the surface of the material. A table saw is a perfect selection to get high-quality and accurate cuts.
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Summing up knowledge on carpenter work from years of experience in the above guides, we make sure you have basic information about a table saw, and what is table saw used for?
The table saw is, indeed, a multifunction woodworking tool that each woodworker should set up in his workshop.
Reference source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Table_saw