12 Types of Sanders and Their Uses: Choose Which Is Right For You

Woodworkers will need to sand down their project to finish it. Or they don’t want an exquisite carving to appear on their project. The principal tool for completing these tasks is a sander.

Knowing which sander is best for whatever project can go a long way. In this article, Power Tool will show you twelve “types of sanders and their uses”. This will probably help you choose the right sander for your project.

Types of sanders and their uses

Sanders are divided into two main groups:

  • Manual/DIY sanders group: Sandpaper, Hand sander, Strip sander, Bow sander.
  • Hand-held power sanders group: Palm sander, Detail sander, Orbital sander, Random orbital sander, Bench sander, Disc sander, Drum sander, Belt sander.

Knowing which sander is suitable for specific operations is important. It will help you make the proper investment in the construction of a woodworking tool stock.

We looked at a variety of alternatives, from portable equipment (most of which may be constructed for you). To sanders for the bench, which are ideally suited for large wood items.

Manual/DIY sanders group

Sanders in this group will smooth out tiny, delicate features. You will need patience, deliberate motions to deal with these features. 

If you’re assembling a complete set of sanding equipment. You’ll need to start with the basics: sandpaper and hand tools.

  • Sandpaper

Types of Sanders and Their Uses

Let’s start with the fundamentals: sandpaper.

The greater the number on the sandpaper, the finer the grit. The better the grit, the better the woodwork.

Detailed work on carvings or crafts that need hand sanding will most likely necessitate a large quantity. Just keep in mind that fine-grit sandpaper will likely wear out soon.

  • Hand sander

Hand sander

A handled manual sander is an excellent alternative. If you have a large enough hand sanding task. And you don’t want to wear out your wrists.

You can work on a large piece of wood slowly. So you can watch what you do. 

That makes it a good alternative to a powerful sander. That tool works so rapidly that a mere second of disregard could lead to error.

  • Strip sander

Strip sander

A variation on the one-handed manual sander can repeat the action of a basic hand held wood planer. It just needs a pair of simple grips.

These ideas have been tested for years since they have worked quite effectively. Consider constructing one of these basic gadgets if you have hand sanding.

  • Bow sander

Bow sander

This sander is better for curved edge. It enables you with more constant pressure to apply sandpaper. This is wonderful for smoothing out curved edges of your projects.

Hand-held power sanders group

The first power sander on the market is a hand-held device. Ranging from minute details on a carving. To rapidly finishing on the rough borders of a cabinet piece.


  • Palm sander

Palm sander

A palm sander is designed for comfort during the work on little tasks. It can fit perfectly and comfortably in your hands.

The paper you placed in is wonderful and beautiful. This device will also focus on the last details before the complete your work.

  • Detail sander

Detail sander

Most detailed sanders have triangle heads. It has movements that lend themselves instead of preparing a cabinet or furniture to smooth accents and crafts.

You’ll make really good outcomes with extremely fine sandpaper. You presumably wish to appreciate individuals in the work you do with one of them.

  • Orbital sander

Orbital sander

An all-round sanding tool is a great orbital sander. The finer details of the work are not outstanding. But you might use it for larger wood items.

The head spins like an orbit in the form of a circle so it operates neatly. And it does not stress users’ wrists much.

  • Random orbital sander

Random orbital sander

The circular pattern of the sander head might produce faults in the wood. When you’re not cautious to use an orbital sander. Random sanders are designed to reduce pattern repetitiveness.

It will employ a randomly generated range of sanding movements. They are somewhat cheaper and a little heavier. But it could be worth it if you have more chores to perform.

  • Bench sander

Large, tough wood parts demand for a hard work sanding tool. These sanders are designed for this purpose. Their strength and speed are higher.

They use a lot grosser sandpaper as well. The goal is for you to put something softer into your work. And after you have your wood smoothed down as well as possible.

  • Disc sander

Disc sander

The disc table sanders are ideal to shape and not to smooth wood. And give a defined working edge that allows users to view what they work on.

You can use both hands to operate because these are table tools. Obviously, by the table on which you operate, you are limited in scope.

  • Drum sander

Drum sander

The drum sander is basically only one static arm rolling up in sandpaper as part of the hardest duties of sanders. These table sanders let you to change the arm height to fit a range of feedstocks.

  • Belt sander

Belt sander

Like a disc sander, a belt sander has an excellent working surface to grind down wood and even soft metal applications.

The sandpaper strips are longer than other table sanders. Thus they get lighter. These have the benefit of changeable operating angles.

How to choose sandpaper grit for wood project?

There is nothing like sandpaper that makes or breaks your sanding operation. The correct mix of sandpaper and grain results are outstanding.

The incorrect structure and grain may destroy fine wood, in particular, at the wrong moment.

Once you have chosen the correct sander for your particular project, the time is ripe to choose the proper sander.

The usual rule of thumb in selecting of sandpaper grit is to begin with a rough grit and build up to a good grate at the ending. This depends however on the type and condition of the wood.

Grits of sandpaper

Typically, many artisans begin to clean rough surfaces by a gross grain like 60 for raw wood. They then advance in phases such as a semi-smooth 100-grit and a 150-grit for extremely smooth surfaces.

Some of them choose for the last pass with 220-gray paper if they want an especially smooth finish.

As a caution, it might make it hard for wood to accept a stain or another finished product by sanding over a glass-like surface. Wood is a porous substance.

The inherent texture and color of wood is part of the beauty and charm. Too smooth sanding might not improve the final quality but could detract from it.

Frequently Asked Questions

1. What is an electric sander used for?

An e-sander for smoothening and finishing surfaces is a powerful instrument. The sander pushes a sandpaper or equivalent abrasive quickly, generally in a circular motion, to remove material from a surface.

In various sectors like carpentry and autobody repair, you may utilize an electrical sander for a number of jobs. Electric sander potential uses include:

  • Removal of old wood paint or coating
  • Prepare a finishing surface
  • Lighten the board edges
  • Removal of the surface surplus material
  • Floors for removal and preparation

2. How do I choose an electric sander for my work?

To pick an electric sander that meets your requirements. You need the type of material you want to sand and the sort of finish you desire in the final result.

For particular tasks, some electric sanders perform better.

For example, belt sanders perform well for work that requires a lot of material to be removed rapidly. While finishing sanders are made to make the surface exceedingly smooth.

3. Is an orbital sander good for your wood?

Yes, it can efficiently sand wood using orbital sanders. However, on board surfaces, this device might leave circular markings. You might select a random orbital sander instead of aesthetics matters for your project.

4. Can you remove pain by sanding?

A sander can remove off a surface paint, varnish and other finishes. If you wish to expose existing woodwork in a house, you may opt to remove paint.

However, if the paint includes plum, it is not safe to abrad with a sander. Call on a skilled specialist if you feel that the paint you wish to remove may contain lead.

5. What is the best sander to remove paint?

Due to its nature, a sander works perfectly for projects. It can remove paint from big areas as it can swiftly remove the substance.

 After you have removed the paint from the area you want. You may complete the process using a more delicate instrument such as a random orbital sander.

6. How do you sand a table with an electric sander?

Use appropriate equipment such as safety glasses, gloves and a mask before starting your sanding operation. Then relocate the table to an airy place.

Turn on your electric sander and grain to prevent wood damage. Start by removing the old paint with a coarser sandpaper.

Then change to a finer abrasive in order to work out scratches. Then clean dust with a tack cloth from the table.


In this article, we show you twelve “types of sanders and their uses”. We hope that after reading this. You can choose the best and the most suitable equipment for your project.

Reference source: How To Understand The Types Of Sanders


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