The Ultimate Guide To The Types Of Hammers And Their Uses

If you search “hammer” on the internet, millions of results will appear. Each model is different from the others. How many types of hammers are out there? What can we use them for? This article will give you comprehensive guidance on the types of hammers and their uses. 

Let’s prepare a note. The hammer world is much larger than you think.

Now, it’s time to dive in!

Types Of Hammers And Their Uses

There are two main types of hammers: common and specialized. Each of them includes hammers with different functions.

Common Hammers

You may know some of the names below. They are a great addition to any household workshop. Having a full set will help you to tackle nearly any project.

  • Ballpen

The peen of this hammer is round. It is popular among engineers. They utilize the hammer to shape metal, close rivets, and round the corners of metal pins and fasteners. 

The Ultimate Guide To The Types Of Hammers And Their Uses

  • Claw

A claw hammer’s rear includes a curled, forked claw. It utilizes the claw to grab nail heads and pull out nails, making it the most recognized of all hammers. This hammer is so flexible that you’ll find it in any house or work.

  • Club

This equipment features a short, twofold head that looks like a sledgehammer. The club hammer helps drive metal chisels and brick heads and minor demolition work. However, it is not suitable for commercial applications.

  • Dead blow

This hammer’s head is for minimum recoil and gentle strikes. It features a subhead full of sand or lead shot.

We can apply it in a variety of industries, from carpentry to automobiles. It can help dislodge components, repair minor dents, and push wood together or apart without damaging the surface.

  • Framing

The framing hammer has a straight claw, and a prevaricate head, similar to a claw hammer. It gets its name from its principal function of putting building frames together.

The head prevents nail sliding. Yet, it damages the surrounding wood, which isn’t visible after building the home.

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  • Rubber mallet

The mallet allows for gentler strikes. It’s safe to use on metal sheets, woodwork, and furniture. It is also soft enough to push the plasterboard in position without causing damage.

  • Sledge

The metal head of this hammer is comparable to that of a mallet. But, it implies powerful, massive strikes. It’s a popular construction tool since it can drive stakes or break up cement and brickwork.

  • Tack

This odd hammer has two long heads. One of them is magnetic. The hammer can hold a tack for placement with the magnetic end and then drive the tack into position with the non-magnetized end.

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Specialized Hammers

Some of these hammers are unlikely to see. People use them for specialized jobs. You may not see them in ordinary hardware stores. Except for weight and small size or form variations, a handful of these hammers are very similar to more typical hammers.

  • Blacksmith

The blacksmith’s hammer is a sort of sledgehammer with a round head. Blacksmiths employ it to shape hot steel against a crusher.

  • Blocking

This is another hammer employed by blacksmiths. It has a flat, square head on one side and a cylinder head on the other. We can use it to shape metals. 

  • Brass

A cylinder double-head on brass hammers can pound steel pins without harming the underlying surface. It is available in both car and woodworking establishments.

  • Brick

A bricklayer’s hammer has a chisel claw. It aims to score and break bricks. The hammer is extremely beneficial in bricklaying and masonry work because of this. A masonry hammer is another name for it.

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  • Busing

With an elongated metalhead, this unique hammer looks like a meat mallet. It can give the stone a rough texture, which might be for aesthetic reasons or make stone paths less slippery.

  • Cross peen

This hammer’s wedge-shaped peen is horizontal. Get it if you want to start panel pins or tacks without risking your fingers being pinched. You can use it to shape metal as well.

  • Cross peen pin

This tool is not suitable for metallurgy because it’s a lighter version of the cross peen hammer. It works best with cabinetry, light joinery, and other workshops organized.

  • Chasing

The chasing hammer has an odd design with a bulbous handle, round head, and tiny, circular peen. Jewelry makers often use it to shape metals.

  • Drywall

This plain peen hammer has a customized end that looks more like an ax with a hole at the end. The hole helps hold nails in place without harming the drywall sheets. The peen’s blade may safely cut off extra drywall.

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  • Electrician

On the head of this claw hammer, there is an elongated neck. This enables electricians to pinpoint nails in difficult-to-reach areas.

  • Engineering

The engineer’s hammer, which has a rounded head and a cross peen, aims to train maintenance. 

  • Hatchet

The hatchet hammer (also known as a half-hatchet) features an ax blade rather than a peen. The blade has made it one of the most uncommon forms of the hammer. It is the best for rescue and emergency tool kits since it may offer a range of activities.

  • Joiner mallet

Instead of metal, the head of this classic mallet comes from a solid tapered wood chunk. Without staining the surface, it can drive chisels or softly tap wood joins together.

  • Lineman

This hammer has a solid head and a conical peen. It first worked on telephone poles and is ideal for driving lagging screws. Hammering bolts is also possible.

  • Mechanic

This hammer has a flat head and a long peen topped with a conical die. Mechanics use it in conjunction with a dolly to take dents out of automobile panels.

  • Nail gun

A nail gun, while not strictly a hammer, performs the same functions as a claw. It uses pressurized air to drive nails into wood or other materials. Cordless versions are also available. Yet, they are less prevalent.

When a significant number of nails have to hammer into a surface, nail guns are popular in construction or household projects.

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  • Piton

The straight peen of this hammer has a hole for extracting pitons. The head may be anvil form and hefty or thinner with a hollowed grasp based on the type of rock climbing desired.

Lighter variants are useful when operating fewer pistons to minimize weight burdens. Meanwhile, heavier models aid in driving more pitons rapidly with less strain. Interchangeable heads are common on piton hammers, allowing for a greater choice of climbing techniques.

  • Planishing

The head of these hammers is somewhat convex. The peen ends with a cylindrical die. It may help you for fine-form and smooth metals over a planishing stake’s head, taking on the contour of the head.

  • Power

A power hammer is a huge static forge hammer that uses an air compressor to propel a massive piston upwards. We can utilize it in hammering and shaping the material beneath it.

It operates similarly to a drill cylinder, but it can easily move the piston hundreds of times per minute. 

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  • Rip

This is a professional version of a claw hammer, with a straight claw rather than a curved one and a greater weight. During building and destruction, you can employ it to pull apart materials.

It’s also good for framing. Contractors have used it for everything from digging to measuring for boxes.

  • Rock

This tiny tool, sometimes known as a pick hammer, features a flat head and a chisel on the bottom. They are most useful in shattering tiny rocks in geology and historical digs. Breaking soft rock, clearing plants, and making tiny holes are all jobs that the chisel can do.

The pick variation may break tougher stones. Sometimes, rock hammers can help to break bricklayers apart.

  • Scaling

These hammers work for removing scale, corrosion, and different forms of hard coating of the surfaces. They have a vertical chisel instead of standard heads. Singular to triple-headed variants are available. They work similarly to a sledgehammer.

  • Scutch

The technique of eliminating unwanted mortar from bricks and pavement is scutch.

Scutch combs work like serrated chisels; whether a hammer or several scutching attachments depends mostly on the user’s requirements.

  • Shingle

These tools include a square head and a tiny claw.

The spike may assist you in making nail holes in granite and tiles, which are frequently too brittle to drive nails into without a hole already present.

  • Soft-faced

The plastic, rubber, or copper faces on this spherical hammer are occasionally interchangeable. It would hit more sensitive objects like chrome without damaging them.

  • Spike maul

Railroad spikes are driven with these long hammers from the other side of the rails. The heads are slender, with one being thinner and longer than the other. 

The bell variation had cylinder heads, whereas the regular form had a square end opposite the primary driving tip.

  • Stone sledge

This mason’s sledgehammer is a good idea if you want to break up stone and masonry. The smashing face is elliptical rather than double-headed. The short straight peen serves as a resting face for marking lines.

  • Straight peen

This is similar to a cross peen hammer, with the exception that the peen lies vertically. It is useful to start nails, although it’s best suitable for shaping the metal.

  • Tinner

These hammers feature a square head with a sharpened cross peen. They are of use in metalwork to finish seams and provide a rolling edge.

  • Toolmaker

The toolmaker’s hammer has a round head and a ball-peen, making it one of the oddest appearing hammers. A magnifying glass positions in the center of the skull. It is functional in machine shops to conduct delicate tasks.

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  • Trim

Trim hammers are shorter than claw hammers and feature a straight claw. These hammers have a thin face and can drive trim nails without harming the underlying surface.

  • Welding

This odd hammer contains a vertical peen and a circular chisel.

It features an interesting spiral pattern that resembles a spring on the grip. This aids in heat dissipation and removing slag from welding sites.

Tips For Using Hammers

What kind of hammering method could there be? If you do not handle it well, you may harm yourself or destroy your workshop.

Here are some pointers on how to use a hammer properly.

  • Pick the right hammer: Many types of hammers are available. Before buying, spend time considering which one will work best with your work.
  • Use protection: Splinters of concrete or wood can splinter and fling themselves around. Remember to safeguard yourself against these dangers.
  • Hanle the hammer properly: Grab the hammer towards the end of the handle to grip it properly. You may get accustomed to the sensation and swing it around in your hand freely.
  • Keep the nail correctly: Keep the nail close to the top. When things go wrong, you have a little more tolerance and are less likely to get seriously bruised or shatter your fingers.


Hopefully, you find it helpful while reading about types of hammers and their uses. In general, there are tens of choices. Each type of hammer serves a specific purpose. Choosing the right one is not so hard once you know what you exactly need.

If you still have any questions, please feel free to ask. We are always willing to assist you. Thank you for reading!

Reference Source: Types of Hammer and their uses | DIY Tools

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