Impact Wrench Vs Hammer Drill: Which One Outweighs The Other? Best Tips For You!

Distinguishing impact wrench vs hammer drill is not a simple task. It is tolerable if you mixed these tools up because they look so similar. Some people even use them for the same purposes. Stores also do not always manage to describe the distinctions between them. Unfortunately, many individuals end up buying the wrong drill as a result of this.

Don’t worry! If you are going to buy one, we can help you out. This article will compare the design, application, and mechanism of these two tools. We also recommend the appropriate choice for certain purposes. Let’s read on to discover!

Impact Wrench Vs Hammer Drill Introduction

Let’s get to know some basic information about the tools with some lines of instruction below. 

Impact Wrench

We use an impact wrench to tighten and loosen hex-head bolts, lag screws, and nuts. It utilizes both rotating force and short-burst concussive strikes to produce the power.

Some people confuse it with an impact driver, which has a 1/4-inch hex hole.  But, a normal impact wrench can handle up to a variety of 1/2-inch sockets.

An impact wrench

Hammer Drill

The operation of a hammer drill is obvious from the name: it combines a hammer with a drill. People use hammer drills to smash holes in hard materials like concrete or bricks.

There are two types of hammer drill: the typical and the more powerful one. Despite their power production, they all work in a similar manner.

A hammer drill

Hammer Drill and Impact Wrench Applications

The major distinction between a hammer drill and an impact wrench is their purposes. People buy them for a specific aim. 

When drilling holes into tough surfaces like concrete, you should use a hammer drill. If you want to remove rusty screws or drive screws into a hard material, choose an impact wrench.

Both equipment can work well on metal, soft stone, plaster, brick, and tiles.

Drilling into soft materials like wood is possible with both types of drills. If you only need to work on wood, you do not need to use one of these tools. A standard, low-cost power drill would suffice.

Hammer Drill and Impact Wrench Designs 

The two tools appear to be identical at first glance. Yet, a closer observation reveals some significant variances.

Hammer drills are larger in general and have a longer barrel. Impact wrenches, on the other hand, have stubby barrels.

Another significant difference is that hammer drills have a three-jaw chuck.  Manufacturers put the chuck at the top part of the tool to secure bits in their position. An impact wrench does not offer any chuck. It features a hexagonal socket into which you may insert hex-head bits.

A chuck stays in the front of the hammer drill

Hammer Drill and Impact Wrench Mechanism 

Each machine serves different purposes and includes different parts. As a result, the way they operate varies too.

The primary distinction in mechanism between them is the direction. The extra power in each equipment moves in a different twisting motion.

The hammer drill works when repeated strokes move to the drilled hole. The power then goes along the drill’s length on a vertical axis. The drill chuck goes in and out of the barrel as a result of the hammering motion.

How a hammer drill works

The impact wrench operates differently. Its hammering power applies mostly in the rotational direction. The power is also transferred in the vertical axis by the spring inside the mechanism. In comparison with a hammer drill, however, the spring provides far less power.

Inside an impact wrench

Hammer Drill and Impact Wrench Pros And Cons 

We have compared every criterion. In this part, we will look at their benefits and drawbacks.

Impact Wrench


  • An impact wrench is compact so that you will find it easy to carry out your work.
  • Its price is affordable.
  • Even if you are not a mechanic, you can handle it.


  • An impact wrench works well on many surfaces but still not suitable for concrete work.
  • It releases less power than a hammer drill.

Hammer Drill


  • A hammer drill can serve many surfaces, especially concrete.
  • It is more powerful compared to the impact wrench.
  • Renting a hammer drill is possible.


  • The machine appears to be a little bulky.
  • A hammer drill may be pricey.

Which One Is Better? 

Because each type of drill serves a distinct purpose, having both types of drills is helpful. They can assist you in your factory and tool shed.

If you are primarily interested in masonry work, a hammer drill is the best option. You may also use the drill to perform professional-level building.

However, some people still prefer the impact wrench. Impact wrenches, particularly cordless ones, are less expensive than hammer drills. Please note this important fact down. Most of us use an impact wrench more frequently. 

Another reason to buy an impact wrench is that many businesses let us rent the hammer drill. You can return them once you have done with them. So, rent a hammer drill if you feel like needing one.


Now you may know the differences between impact wrench vs hammer drill. In short, they serve distinctive purposes although they look quite alike. We use a hammer drill for masonry workpieces. On the other hand, we apply an impact wrench in dealing with screws, nuts, and bolts. 

Above is all the necessary information you could need to learn about the two tools. If you have any questions, please feel free to leave a comment. We will be right back soon to reply. 

Thank you for reading!

Reference Source: What’s the Difference? Hammer Drill vs. Impact Driver vs. Cordless Drill/Driver

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