First approached the world in 1891, Basketball has become popular and even developed into an international sport that participates in the world-level Olympic Games.
Such an interesting sport surely comes with sets of rules that players and fans should be aware of while keeping up with the match. These sets of rules differ depending on each league. One example that is among the most common and pretty complicated rules is the 5 second rule basketball. Our article today will give you the briefest information about this 5 second violation.
Table of Contents
- 1 What Is The 5 Second Rule Violation In Basketball?
- 2 Types Of 5 Second Rule Basketball
- 3 Penalty For 5 Second Rule Violation
- 4 Hand Signal For 5 Second Rule Violation
- 5 To Sum Up
What Is The 5 Second Rule Violation In Basketball?
Shortly after the Basketball’s introduction, Dr. James Naismith established the 5 second rule violation in the original 13 rules of Basketball. His original intent was to promote the match without any unnecessary interruption.
This 5 second rule also turns out to be a helpful defensive strategy to gain back the ball on the field. In detail, when a player from an offensive team violates this rule, they will lose the ball to the defensive team. The basketball term for this situation is turnover – the worst result for any team holding the ball.
In reality, not all players acknowledge that they are violating this rule, and the coaches’ responsibility is to educate them. If any team member fails to get how this rule works, it will be a weakness that the other team might pick up on.
This information is important for the referees and both teams, including players and coaches. The defensive team might develop a plan to trap their opponent, so any team should be aware of this trap. In such cases, the role of a referee is quite great as failing to make a foul once this violation happens might create conflicts. The pressure from fans and team members is something that the world has witnessed and acknowledged as one of the worst nightmares in the world. Therefore, referees need to understand this 5 second rule basketball to take action when needed.
Types Of 5 Second Rule Basketball
The complicated character of this rule is due to its variety in versions depending on the situation. Nevertheless, the way it affects the games is still the same. Below are four types of five-second rules in Basketball in different leagues.
Five-Second Closely Guarded Violation
This rule specifies that the player holding the ball and guarded closely by his opponents has only 5 seconds to shoot, dribble, or pass the Basketball to other players. If he fails to perform such movements within 5 seconds, he violates the five-second rule, and it’s where the turnover takes place.
Though it might seem hard to avoid, this violation does not often happen because the nature of Basketball is so dynamic that all players shoot and pass the Basketball rapidly during a game.
The term “closely guarded” isn’t as serious as it appears. According to the NCAA’s men rules, it’s only as close as 6 feet from the player on hold of the ball. Some other leagues also have different requirements in this aspect, such as 3 feet for the NCAA’s women rules and approximately 3.3 feet (one meter) for the FIBA rule. Specifically, this rule is only in charge during a throw-in under the NBA rules.
Five-Second Back To The Basket Violation
In 1999, the NBA introduced this back to the basket rule due to the superior sense this method had brought to Charles Barkley. Before this rule took place, Charles’s playing style had brought him great benefits. According to the NBA, the player holding the ball, below the free-throw line extended, is not allowed to dribble the ball with his back facing the basket or standing to the side of it for up to 5 seconds. Though this rule is only available on NBA games, it’s still a pain in the neck for someone with similar playing styles as Charles.
Five-Second Inbounding Violation
Whenever a player wants to guard the inbound during a basketball match, he will only have 5 seconds to do so. Starting to count when the referee handles the ball to the player or the moment they pick the ball up. If he delays for more than 5 seconds, he is violating the rule, leading to the occurrence of the turnover.
Strategically, the defense team usually tries their best to avoid that player of the offensive team from inbounding that ball. That is why members of the offensive team must work closely to inbound the ball within a limited time. This trap happens quite usually, and it’s very easy to catch this violation.
Five-Second Free-Throw Violation
After the free-throw player gets the ball from the referee, he has five seconds to shoot it. If he cannot make the free-throw within five seconds, he will lose a point even if he scores. The five-second free throw rule appears under the supervision of FIBA.
Penalty For 5 Second Rule Violation
The penalty for these four types of 5 second rule is almost the same. If any player violates the rule, the turnover will happen – handling the ball to the opponent team. It’s quite common sense that having the chance to hold the ball increases the winning possibilities. Therefore, every player must be aware of these rules, and coaches must sketch out scenarios for the players about traps that they may approach.
More importantly, all efforts to get the ball on the basket will be a waste if one breaks this rule. In these five-second free throw rules, the referee won’t count the scores if the player scores yet violating this rule.
Hand Signal For 5 Second Rule Violation
To better supervise the game, the referee must focus and count the time to be sure of any violations. For example, due to the inbounding violation, the referee will start counting once he hands the ball to the player.
The referee will raise his hand to signal the beginning of counting, and another arm of his will be held parallel to the floor. Every time the referee moves his arm from inside out, it counts as one second. If the player violates the rule, the referee blows the whistle and extends five fingers implying that someone has broken the 5-second rule. After that, the offensive team will have to hand the ball to the other team.
To Sum Up
Being a basketball player, one should acknowledge his dos and don’ts to avoid unnecessary turnovers. Even basketball fans should learn these rules to better understand, enjoy the game, and become knowledgeable fans. Above are informative terms and practices of the 5 second rule basketball. Make sure to read it carefully and remember how to use them in different circumstances.
Reference Source: The 5 Second Out of Bounds Rule in Basketball